1st Cavalry Division Order of Battle, Gettysburg: July 1-3, 1863

Here’s a table I created of the three brigades in Brig. Gen. John Buford’s 1st Cavalry Division for the Gettysburg Battle.  The strength numbers are taken directly from the June 30, 1863 Present For Duty Rosters filled out by each regiment (making these numbers much more accurate than most other sources you see).  The Rosters are courtesy of my old friend, the late George Rummel III.  Also included are the casualty counts.

This table gives the student a clear idea of which companies were detailed to various duties, and the “strength on the line” of each regiment.



Brigadier General John Buford

All “strength” numbers denote fighting effectives, taken from the actual June 30, 1863
“Present for Duty” rosters, courtesy of George A. Rummel III.
These numbers, as well as the casualty counts, are much more accurate than any other source commonly available.

First Brigade

Colonel William Gamble

8th Illinois
(12 Companies – A through M)
Major John Lourie Beveridge
Strength: 25 Officers, 537 Enlisted
Losses: 1 killed, 5 wounded, 1 missing

12th Illinois
(5 Companies – A, E, F, H, I)
Strength: 12 Officers, 253 Enlisted Men
Losses: 4 killed, 10 wounded, 6 missing
3rd Indiana
(6 Companies – A through F)
Colonel George Henry Chapman
(command of both regiments)
Strength: 17 Officers, 393 Enlisted
Losses: 6 killed, 21 wounded, 5 missing
(Companies G, H, I & K – assigned to Army of the Cumberland;
Companies L & M assigned in Indiana)

8th New York
Lt. Colonel William Lester Markell
Strength: 22 Officers, 685 Enlisted Men
Losses: 2 killed, 22 wounded, 16 missing

Second Brigade

Colonel Thomas Casimer Devin

6th New York
Major William Elliot Beardsley
Strength: 14 Officers, 292 Enlisted
Losses: 1 killed, 3 wounded, 8 missing
(Company A – 3rd Corps Headquarters,
Companies D & K – 2nd Corps Headquarters,
Companies F & H – at Yorktown VA,
Company L – Provost Guard 1st Cav. Div. 2nd Brig.)

9th New York
(10 Companies – A, B, C, E, F, G, H, I, K, M)
Colonel William Sackett
Strength: 31 Officers, 394 Enlisted
Losses: 2 killed, 2 wounded, 7 missing
(Companies D & L – 12th Corps Headquarters)

17th Pennsylvania
Colonel Josiah Holcomb Kellogg
Strength: 464
Losses: 4 missing
(Companies D & H – 5th Corps Headquarters,
Company K – 11th Corps Headquarters)

3rd West Virginia
(2 Companies – A & C)
Captain Seymour Beach Conger
Strength: 5 Officers, 59 Enlisted
Losses: 1 wounded, 1 captured, 2 missing
(Field & Staff, Troops D, E, F, G, H & I assigned to
Department of West Virginia;
Troop B assigned to unknown location;
Troops K, L & M not mustered)

Regulars – Reserve Brigade

Brigadier General Wesley Merritt

1st United States
(10 Companies – A, B, C, E, F, H, I, K, L, M)
Captain Richard S.C. Lord
Number: 15 Officers, 443 Enlisted
Losses: 1 killed, 9 wounded, 5 missing
(Companies D & G were detached and serving at
Fort Larned, Kansas)

2nd United States
Captain Theophilus Francis Rodenbough
Strength: 407
Losses: 3 killed, 7 wounded, 7 missing

5th United States
(11 Companies – No Company L)
Captain Julius Wilmot Mason
Strength: 306
Losses: 4 wounded, 1 missing

6th Pennsylvania
(9 Company Detachment)
Major James Henry Haseltine
Strength: 16 Officers, 337 Enlisted
Losses: 3 killed, 7 wounded, 2 missing
(Companies E & I detached to Army Headquarters)

6th United States
Major Samuel Henry Starr
Strength: 14 Officers, 410 Enlisted
Losses: 6 killed, 28 wounded, 208 captured
(Not on the field, involved in fight at Fairfield, PA on July 3;
Troops D & K temporarily detached to the Provost Marshal at Pleasonton’s Headquarters)


Published in: on June 6, 2007 at 10:37 am  Comments (5)  

The URI to TrackBack this entry is: https://petruzzi.wordpress.com/2007/06/06/1st-cavalry-division-order-of-battle-gettysburg-july-1-3-1863/trackback/

RSS feed for comments on this post.

5 CommentsLeave a comment

  1. I wonder what % of battle history readers are OB strength freaks (like me). The inclusion of unit strengths (however they are obtained or constructed) in a book’s OB is very rare, and it always gives the book a huge boost in my mind. On the other hand, it’s a lot of research work just for something in a book appendix that few probably care about much. In that context, I can understand why so few authors give it the effort.

  2. OB and strength wonk here myself 🙂

    Eric and I include the OBs and strengths in our Stuart’s Ride book too – and they’re also taken from the June 30, 1863 returns for the brigades with Stuart (filled out at Union Mills MD that day).

    When I look at sources like Busey and Martin, for instance, I see wide variations – in many cases the numbers reported in the field are vastly different than what you see in books. I’m not sure what that’s always due to – authors just accepting other secondary sources? Instead, we decided to go right back to the original sources and everyone else be damned 😉

    I suspect that many authors don’t include OBs and strengths because it’s too much work going through the records. For me, it’s necessary work and really adds to the value of a book.


  3. Great! I have the Stuart’s Ride book coming someday soon.

    Some of the Osprey Books (like Fred., Chanc., and GB )actually have full OBs, with regt. strengths and gun types for all the batteries, but it is hard to tell where the research comes from since they don’t have notes. They even have an order of battle series of books.

    • I really co’dnlut ask for more from this article.

  4. / I am sorry to hear about your ruined films and camera. However, I love the mood in the phogotraphs, especially the B&W ones. The colours in the caslte picture are really nice too, lovely tones.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: